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 Thursday, June 21st, 2018
Home Safety Information from The leading US-based provider of Child Safety Products™

Childhood Injury Statistics

  • Airway Obstruction
    • In 2001, 864 children ages 14 and under died from unintentional airway obstruction injuries. Of these children, 87 percent were ages 4 and under.
    • In 2002, more than 80 percent of children treated in hospital emergency rooms for airway obstruction injuries were ages 4 and under.
  • Choking & Suffocation
    • In 2001, 169 children ages 14 and under died from choking (30 percent food and 70 percent nonfood) and more than 17,500 children were treated in hospital emergency departments for choking-related episodes.
    • In 2002, an estimated 160 children ages 14 and under choked to death in the home. Of these children, nearly 90 percent were ages 4 and under .
    • In 2001, 695 children ages 14 and under died from unintentional suffocation, strangulation and entrapment.
    • In 2002, an estimated 620 children ages 14 and under suffocated in the home. Of these children, nearly 90 percent were ages 4 and under .
    • Choking and suffocation/asphyxia deaths account for 62 percent of all toy-related fatalities.
    • Children can suffocate when they become trapped in household appliances, such as refrigerators or dryers, and toy chests.
    • Non-food choking hazards tend to be round or conforming objects such as coins, small balls and balloons. More than 110 children, most of them ages 5 and under, have died from balloon-related suffocation since 1973.
  • Strangulation
    • Since 1991, at least 130 children have strangled on window covering cords. The majority of deaths involved outer blind cords and occurred when the cord was hanging near the floor or crib, or when furniture was placed near the cord. Other deaths occurred when children, ages 9 months to 17 months, strangled in loops formed by inner blind cords.
  • Poisoning
    • In 2001, 96 children ages 14 and under died as a result of unintentional poisoning. Children ages 4 and under accounted for more than 45 percent of these deaths .
    • In 2002, more than 1.2 million unintentional poisonings among children ages 5 and under were reported to U.S. poison control centers.
    • In 2002, an estimated 111,870 children ages 14 and under were treated in hospital emergency rooms for unintentional poisoning. Nearly 80 percent of these injuries were to children ages 4 and under .
    • Nearly 90 percent of all poison exposures occur in homes.
    • Calls to poison control centers peak between 4 p.m. and 10 p.m. and during warmer months.
    • Among children ages 5 and under, 60 percent of poisoning exposures are by non-pharmaceutical products such as cosmetics, cleaning substances, plants, foreign bodies and toys, pesticides, art supplies and alcohol; 40 percent are by pharmaceuticals.
    • Of the oral prescription drugs ingested by children ages 4 and under, 23 percent belong to someone who does not live with the child; 17 percent belong to a grandparent or great-grandparent.
    • Ingesting dust from deteriorating lead-based paint is the most common cause of lead poisoning among children.
  • Fires
    • In 2002, at least 330 children ages 14 and under died from fires and burns in the home. Of these children, 45 percent were ages 4 and under.
  • Falls
    • In 2002, an estimated 20 children ages 14 and under died as the result of falls in the home. Of these deaths, 10 were children ages 4 and under.
  • Electrocution
    • According to a 1994 estimate of electrocutions released by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), there were 890 deaths in 1984 (1.4 deaths per million people), decreasing to 560 in 1994 (0.9 deaths per million people).
    • There were 550 total accidental electrocutions in 1998.
    • 411 people died from electrocutions in the US 2001 (US Consumer Product Safety)
    • Installed household wiring was responsible for 11% of electrocution deaths in the US 2001 (US Consumer Product Safety).
    • Large appliances were responsible for 19% of electrocution deaths in the US 2001.
    • Electrocution is the fifth leading cause of accidental death in the United States .
    • According to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), one person is electrocuted in the home every 24 hours
  • General Statistics
    • The vast majority of unintentional injury-related deaths among children occur in the evening hours, when children are most likely to be out of school and unsupervised.
    • In 2002, approximately 2,100 children ages 14 and under died in the home from unintentional injuries. More than 70 percent of these deaths occurred among children ages 4 and under.

Childhood Injury Prevention

  • Use MAG CHILDPROTECH products to prevent many potential common household injuries listed above.
  • Place an infant on her back on a firm, flat crib mattress in a crib that meets national safety standards. Remove pillows, comforters, toys and other soft products from the crib. Never hang anything on or above a crib with string or ribbon longer than 7 inches.
  • Always supervise young children while they are eating and playing. Do not allow children under age 6 to eat small, round or hard foods, including hot dogs. Keep small items such as safety pins, jewelry and buttons out of children's reach. Learn first aid and CPR.
  • Ensure that children play with age-appropriate toys, as indicated by safety labels. Inspect old and new toys regularly for damage. Consider purchasing a small parts tester to determine whether or not small toys and objects in your home may present a choking hazard to young children.
  • Remove hood and neck drawstrings from all children's outerwear. To prevent strangulation, never allow children to wear necklaces, purses, scarves or clothing with drawstrings while on playgrounds.
  • Tie up all window blind and drapery cords, or cut the ends and retrofit with safety tassels. The inner cords of blinds should be fitted with cord stops.
  • Do not allow a child under age 6 to sleep on the top bunk of a bunk bed. Ensure that all spaces between the guardrail and bed frame, and all spaces in the head and foot boards, are less than 3.5 inches.
  • Use Mylar balloons instead of latex balloons. Children under age 8 can choke or suffocate on uninflated or broken balloons. If you must use latex balloons, store them out of reach of children, do not allow children to inflate them, and deflate and discard balloons and balloon pieces after use.
  • Ensure that toys are used in a safe environment. Riding toys should not be used near stairs, traffic or swimming pools.
  • Teach children to put toys away safely after playing. Ensure that toys intended for younger children are stored separately from those for older children.
  • Inspect old and new toys regularly for damage and potential hazards. Make any necessary repairs immediately or discard damaged toys out of children's reach.
  • Check the Web site of the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (www.cpsc.gov) regularly to obtain information on recent toy recalls. Return to manufacturers the warranty and product registration forms for new toy purchases to ensure that you will be notified of any recalls.
  • Young children should never play with toys with strings, straps or cords longer than 7 inches, which can unintentionally strangle them.
  • Electrical toys are a potential burn hazard. Children under age 8 should not use toys with electrical plugs or batteries.
  • Store all household products and medications locked out of children's sight and reach. Never leave potentially poisonous household products unattended while in use.
  • List the toll-free nationwide poison control center number (1-800-222-1222) and other emergency medical service numbers near every telephone. Keep activated charcoal on hand to be used only on the advice of a poison control center or a physician.
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