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 Friday, July 20th, 2018
House Pets with Sandy Robins
Features   |   On The House Show and Tell   |   House Pets with Sandy Robins  

July 13, 2013

Vet's Advice to Keep Your Pets Safe!

Keep pets safe this long weekend. House Pets checked in with expert from UC David School of Veterinary Medicine for some helpful tips:

Avoiding Heatstroke
Increased outdoor temperature is a contributing factor to heatstroke, but it is an avoidable condition. An animal develops heatstroke when its body temperature rises to a dangerous point (often it is over 106 degrees Fahrenheit) that will damage cell health and normal functions.
Heatstroke often occurs during the first warm spell of spring, when a pet is not used to activity in warmer temperatures. Dogs at greater risk are those that are older, overweight and brachycephalic. Also at risk are pets left unattended in a parked car, which can reach dangerously high temperatures very quickly on a warm day.
If you suspect your pet is overheated—with signs of weakness, increased respiratory effort or rate, excessive “panting” (or not panting at all), or even vomiting—stop the activity. Cool your pet by soaking its coat down to the skin and then see a veterinarian as soon as possible. Drive with the air conditioning on, or if your pet is secured and away from the windows, have the windows down to encourage evaporative cooling. Always know the location of the closest emergency clinic, even when traveling.
Protecting Against Rattlesnake Bites
Some dogs love to hike with their owners, especially as the weather warms. So it is important to remember that the risk of rattlesnake bites is most common between April and October.
A few tips to help avoid rattlesnake bites are:
• Keep away from areas with tall grass, rocks or wood piles
• Stay on trails and have your dog on a leash
• Use a walking stick to rustle brushes along the trail to alert snakes of your presence.
Curious dogs often get bitten on the nose as they investigate typically reclusive snakes. The best thing to do if your dog is bitten is to get to the nearest veterinarian quickly. Preventing Infectious Diseases
Infections from fleas, mosquitoes and ticks: Cats and dogs that go outdoors are susceptible to infections transmitted by fleas, mosquitoes and ticks. Even though your pet may not leave the yard or have direct exposure to other animals, it is still at risk for infection.
The most common disease transmitted by mosquitoes is heartworm disease. Since there are mosquitoes living year-round in many locations, the use of heartworm preventatives is an effective way to protect against this disease.
Feline infectious diseases: Cats who spend time outdoors are at risk for a number of infectious diseases. The most common one is an abscess that occurs from an injury received during a fight with another cat. Cats who fight are also at risk for acquiring two viral infections—feline leukemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus. These viruses can gradually impair a cat’s immune system. The end result, often several years later, may be cancer or other infectious diseases. Feline viral upper respiratory disease and feline panleukopenia virus are also transmitted between cats. Some of these viruses require repeated or more intimate exposures than others.

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